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อัพเดท: 13 พ.ค. 2024 22.35 น. บทความนี้มีผู้ชม: 693107 ครั้ง

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Cirrhosis in The Liver

cirrhosis

For the liver, heavy alcohol drinking, infection from hepatitis or fatty liver, all of the mentioned diseases lead to liver cirrhosis. Unfortunately, it is a disease that barely shows no sign in its early stage. When the patients realise that they already reach the stage of cirrhosis, the liver might be damaged to 80%. Afterwards, the next phase in coming is the future development of liver cancer caused by cirrhosis.


What is Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis is a liver disease phase that is more severe than fibrosis. The normal liver, they have the repair process to heal itself when it is injured by a lifestyle, such as heavy alcohol drinking. On the other hand, the damaged liver or cirrhosis liver will not recover by itself as a consequence of the scarred tissues. Plus, the excessive consumption of alcohol causes more damage and will lead to liver failure and life threats.


Cirrhosis Causes

As everyone knows, cirrhosis is a liver disease in which the liver is severely scarred. There are many causes that are able to damage the liver and lead to cirrhosis.


Cirrhosis Types

Liver cirrhosis can be divided into 3 types, each type has its own severity and causes that are different from the others. 

Decompensated Cirrhosis

Decompensated cirrhosis is one of the severe stages of liver disease. The patient who reaches this stage of cirrhosis is near liver failure. Decompensated cirrhosis is caused by various reasons, mostly by continued heavy alcohol consumption, chronic infection of hepatitis b or c and excessive fatty liver. The well-known symptoms of this cirrhosis disease are bloating abdomen, swelling up legs and jaundice, etc.

Alcoholic Cirrhosis

Alcoholic cirrhosis is also a severe disease in the liver. It is caused by the excessive consumption of alcohol and the liver cannot cope with it for years. Alcoholic cirrhosis implies that the liver of the patient did not function normally, which can lead to liver failure in the future if there is no treatment.

Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

Primary biliary cirrhosis or PBC is the liver disease caused by damage from an unintentional attack of the immune system to bile ducts. The bile will form on the liver as it is injured and lead the liver damaged to cirrhosis. As far as the research, the cause of immune system mistaken is still vague and unidentified.


Cirrhosis Stages

Cirrhosis is known as a progressive disease that can take several years to develop the damage progresses from mild to severe. The disease can be classified into 4 cirrhosis stages.

1st stage: Steatosis

2nd stage: Liver scarring (fibrosis) due to chronic inflammation

3rd stage: Cirrhosis

4th stage: Liver failure


Cirrhosis Symptoms

The signs of cirrhosis always show after it reaches the late phases, the damage to the liver might be around 80%. These are some of the symptoms that refer to cirrhosis disease.


Diagnosing Cirrhosis

  1. Blood test: It will show the health condition of the patient and how the efficiency of the organ. The blood test can even check if there is an infection or not. 
  2. Scanning: This me
  3. thod can be performed through the ultrasound scan or the transient elastography scan (Fibro scan).
  4. Liver biopsy: This method requires tissue sampling, it directly uses the needle to take the tissues from the area of the liver for examination.

Treatment for Cirrhosis

Nowadays, cirrhosis still cannot be completely cure. As this article has mentioned before, cirrhosis is the late stage of liver disease. The best thing for cirrhosis treatment is to slow it down. If there is an infection from hepatitis c, cure it first to prevent the worsening condition. Next, change your drinking habits, continuing to consume alcohol will only make it worse. The last way is to transplant the liver, even if it is not the solution for cirrhosis directly.


Cirrhosis Complications

There are many complications of cirrhosis.


Cirrhosis Prevention

To prevent liver cirrhosis, the thing that needs to be focused is what you consume, change your habits and how to have a healthy liver. 

What you consume:

Change your habits:

How to have a healthy liver:


Cirrhosis FAQ

Is cirrhosis a hereditary disease?

Cirrhosis is not a hereditary disease by itself. However, some hereditary diseases that pass from the father or mother to their children such as diabetes or obesity can cause liver disease that leads to cirrhosis. 

Is cirrhosis cancer?

Cirrhosis is not cancer but it can lead to liver cancer in the future. The liver disease will lead to cirrhosis and will increase the possibility of developing liver cancer. 


Cirrhosis Conclusion

Liver cirrhosis is caused by the damage from various reasons. Heavy drinking habits for years, infection by hepatitis b and c, a fatty liver or even abnormality by the immune system, can all affect the liver. The damage from these liver diseases leads to cirrhosis, which has no proper treatment, only delaying it is all the physicians can do for their patients. The best way more than transplanting the liver is to change the lifestyle, to prevent cirrhosis.


 


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